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英语句子结构

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1. how to build a simple sentence

(1)每个句子需要动词。

Run
Leave
Work

(2)subject+verb
He runs
She left
They are working.

He runs around the park.
He runs every moring.
He runs around the park every moring.
He runs slowly.

2. Complements - what comes next?

She likes strawberries
She likes swimming
She likes getting up before the sun rise.
She likes to listen to music while she works

3. adding description to your sentences

He wants to buy a car
He wants to buy a new car (加形容词)
He wants to buy a new car for his new girlfriend(加副词)

4. how to make complex sentence with independent clauses

conjunction-> words whick join parts of a sentence together.words like and but which althouth,

complex sentence: a sentence with 2+ parts(clause)

independent clause: parts of a complex sentence which could stand by itself.

dependent clause: part of a complex sentence which could not stand by itself

He runs around the park every morning so he's in pretty good shape.
She likes strawberries, but she hardly ever eats them.
You should write to her and thank her for the present.

通过中间需要一个逗号,有时也不需要。

可以写成两句:
(1)She likes strawberries,
(2)but, she hardly ever eats starberries.

你还可以写:

She likes strawberries, but she hardly ever eats them, and she doesn't earn much money, so she has to be careful how much she spends on groceries, and fresh food is generally more expensive than canned or frozen produce, so...

但是不建议,一句话最多两句从句。

5.How to make complex sentences with dependent clauses

she's taller than I am.

(1)she's taller
(2)...than I am ( dependant clause)

if because 用来连接这些dependant clause

If you're late, I'll leave without you.( I'll leave without you,If you're late.)
If you're late是dependant clause

He's broke because he spent all his money on beer.
Although she spends a lot of time at work, she doesn't get much done.
I won't do it unless you come with me

relative clauses
That's the guy who shouted at me.
I have no idea what's going on.
They gave us a cake which was made from dried beerroot.

例句:
work!
She works in a zoo.
Apparently, he works in a private zoo.(添加形容词、副词)
Apparently, he works in a private zoo, so she must know a lot about animals.(添加第二个独立分句indepent clause)
Apparently, he works in a private zoo, so she must know a lot about animals,which surprises me because as far as I know she studied economics at university, althouth I guess I could be remembering it wrong.(添加depent clause,或者更多的depent clause)

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